Types of Trees: Oak vs. Maple vs. Hickory

Published On: May 7th, 20223 min read

Are you a homeowner?

Anyone lucky enough to live in Connecticut knows this is a state filled with gorgeous forests filled with thousands of species of plants and trees. When it’s time to invest in home renovations or to remove a dead tree from your property, it’s important to understand the differences between the different types of trees in this gorgeous state.

Fortunately, this article can help. Here we take a look at the oak vs maple vs hickory to give you a better idea of which hardwood might be right for your next project. Keep reading to discover an overview of fascinating tree facts.

Identifying Each Type of Tree

Let’s start by talking about how to identify each of these three species of tree in your yard. There’s no denying that all three trees are lovely, but it’s actually quite easy to tell them apart.

Generally speaking, a maple tree can be differentiated from others by its gumdrop-shaped silhouette.  Norway and red maples are some of the first trees to bud out in the Spring.  Many people will also recognize the “helicopters” or samaras that they produce.  Most importantly, it’s worth mentioning that this genus of trees is especially striking during the fall. This is a time of year when a maple’s foliage ranges from bright yellow to orange to fiery red.

Oak trees grow very tall and have an open vase shaped canopy.  Their bark is variable depending on the species but they all drop acorns.  Acorn production varies year to year.  Heavy acorn producing years are referred to as “mast years”. Oak trees produce rich, muted tones in their foliage.  In the fall, oak tree leaves are gold, brown, red, and russet, although some oaks in the south remain evergreen throughout the year.

The hickories are another genus of trees that produce nuts. They are round and typically split open into four sections.  The leaves of a hickory are quite pronounced. The four common species in Connecticut may have up to 9 leaflets per leaf, making them very long and graceful.  Hickory tree bark is variable.  Some species are grey and tightly ridged, while others become quite shaggy and shed easily as the tree matures.

The Differences In Each Type of Wood

Now let’s take a look at the wood of each tree.

Maple is a hardwood that tends to be white with a tight grain, and yet maple is sold as both a hard and soft wood. The softer variety of maple is ideal for making furniture, while hardwood maple is the best choice for durable items like butcher’s block cutting boards.

Oak is reddish-brown. It’s used to produce cabinetry, furniture, hardwood flooring, and is also ideal for carving. Oak is also a popular choice for wine and brandy barrels. The pores of oakwood are easily visible to the naked eye.

Hickory is another hardwood that’s reddish-brown. It’s typically straight-grained, although the grain can also be wavy or irregular. The sapwood of a hickory tree is light in color. This type of wood is popular for products like golf club shafts, tennis racquets, skis, hammer and pick handles, drum sticks, and for use in plywood veneers.

A Guide to Popular Types of Trees For Hardwood Projects

When it comes to planning a home improvement project or clearing trees from your property, the more you know about each species the better. Fortunately, this guide to different types of trees in Connecticut will help you be a more informed homeowner.

Please contact us today to request a free estimate for clearing trees from your property.

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Garren Averett
Garren Averett
2022-05-25
These guys are FANTASTIC. Justin, Lindsey, their entire crew really great!! When Justin stopped by to take a look, he listened to what we wanted to accomplish, made suggestions on what to take, leave or just trim. His crew came as expected, did a GREAT job!! If it wasn't for the sign and missing trees you would never have known they were here. I could go on and on. Thank you!!!
MICHAEL GOSSELIN
MICHAEL GOSSELIN
2022-05-20
I used Arbortech Tree Inc., to remove some trees in my yard. This Company was unbelievably awesome, from first call to final clean up. Thank you Arbortech, you will be getting more business from me in the near future... and an A+ recommendation to whomever ask or needs Tree Removal. Thanks Mike Gosselin (Coventry)
Bob Sheryl Kelly
Bob Sheryl Kelly
2022-05-18
We were so impressed with the whole team from Arbortech. Justin the owner was the first to respond to our quotes and was a pleasure to speak with, the office people, Lindsey, kept us up to date and we had the 'A' Team - Paul, Pete and Eric. The best way for me to describe the 'A' team is they are like artists. From their skill to their coordination to friendliness and beautiful clean up. . Marvel to watch. Would highly recommend this company and will use again in the future.
Patricia Cortes
Patricia Cortes
2022-05-16
Very Happy with their customer service. There was a large dead tree pretty near my garage, the neighbor's garage, and another neighbor's home that really needed to get taken down. They came out and had it down in a few hours, had everything cleaned up right after. I plan to use them again myself and would definitely recommend them!
Roxanne Oakley
Roxanne Oakley
2022-05-16
This is the second time we have used Arbortech to trim and cut down trees in our yard. After taking his time looking at the trees in question, Justin gave us his professional opinion as an arborist as to the work that needed to be done. The job was scheduled and the crew arrived promptly and did an amazing job! Paul accomplished much of this high up in the bucket equipment because of the height of the trees that needed to be taken down. It was incredible watching the men all work together. At the end of the job, the yard was cleaned up and the crew made sure we were happy with all their work. As an added bonus, we got a follow up call to make sure all had gone well, something you don't encounter much anymore! I highly recommend Arbortech for their knowledge and professionalism!!
Brendan O'Brien
Brendan O'Brien
2022-05-09
I have used Arbortech now multiple times at my house and wouldn't use any other tree service company. Justin is fantastic to work with, he and his team were always incredibly professional, helpful, knowledgeable and just great to work with. For our most recent job, both Justin and Lindsey worked with us to meet a tight deadline for some other work we were having completed. Thank you again for all your help, we really appreciate it!!
Peter Kelly
Peter Kelly
2022-04-29
Another fantastic job by Justin's biz: Arbortech Tree Inc. Today 3 guys came and cut up and stacked a bunch of 8'-10'' lengths of the trees that were felled a couple of months ago. These guys don't rest until the work is done. They worked efficiently and safely. Totally recommend these guys. Thanks!!
Jennifer Todisco
Jennifer Todisco
2022-04-28
Arbortech just took down three trees in my yard and I couldn’t be more pleased! Great price, came when they promised, and cleaned up so it looked like the trees had never been there! Highly recommend!
Carrie Kelley
Carrie Kelley
2022-04-25
Excellent service from start to finish!
Michele Pellegrino
Michele Pellegrino
2022-04-10
We've used Arbortech Tree for two large jobs at our property. They were great to work with. Their team was well skilled with handling the removal of large trees that were near our home. They communicated well throughout the scheduling of the job. I would highly recommend Arbortech!