Types of Trees: Oak vs. Maple vs. Hickory

Published On: May 7th, 20223 min read

Are you a homeowner?

Anyone lucky enough to live in Connecticut knows this is a state filled with gorgeous forests filled with thousands of species of plants and trees. When it’s time to invest in home renovations or to remove a dead tree from your property, it’s important to understand the differences between the different types of trees in this gorgeous state.

Fortunately, this article can help. Here we take a look at the oak vs maple vs hickory to give you a better idea of which hardwood might be right for your next project. Keep reading to discover an overview of fascinating tree facts.

Identifying Each Type of Tree

Let’s start by talking about how to identify each of these three species of tree in your yard. There’s no denying that all three trees are lovely, but it’s actually quite easy to tell them apart.

Generally speaking, a maple tree can be differentiated from others by its gumdrop-shaped silhouette.  Norway and red maples are some of the first trees to bud out in the Spring.  Many people will also recognize the “helicopters” or samaras that they produce.  Most importantly, it’s worth mentioning that this genus of trees is especially striking during the fall. This is a time of year when a maple’s foliage ranges from bright yellow to orange to fiery red.

Oak trees grow very tall and have an open vase shaped canopy.  Their bark is variable depending on the species but they all drop acorns.  Acorn production varies year to year.  Heavy acorn producing years are referred to as “mast years”. Oak trees produce rich, muted tones in their foliage.  In the fall, oak tree leaves are gold, brown, red, and russet, although some oaks in the south remain evergreen throughout the year.

The hickories are another genus of trees that produce nuts. They are round and typically split open into four sections.  The leaves of a hickory are quite pronounced. The four common species in Connecticut may have up to 9 leaflets per leaf, making them very long and graceful.  Hickory tree bark is variable.  Some species are grey and tightly ridged, while others become quite shaggy and shed easily as the tree matures.

The Differences In Each Type of Wood

Now let’s take a look at the wood of each tree.

Maple is a hardwood that tends to be white with a tight grain, and yet maple is sold as both a hard and soft wood. The softer variety of maple is ideal for making furniture, while hardwood maple is the best choice for durable items like butcher’s block cutting boards.

Oak is reddish-brown. It’s used to produce cabinetry, furniture, hardwood flooring, and is also ideal for carving. Oak is also a popular choice for wine and brandy barrels. The pores of oakwood are easily visible to the naked eye.

Hickory is another hardwood that’s reddish-brown. It’s typically straight-grained, although the grain can also be wavy or irregular. The sapwood of a hickory tree is light in color. This type of wood is popular for products like golf club shafts, tennis racquets, skis, hammer and pick handles, drum sticks, and for use in plywood veneers.

A Guide to Popular Types of Trees For Hardwood Projects

When it comes to planning a home improvement project or clearing trees from your property, the more you know about each species the better. Fortunately, this guide to different types of trees in Connecticut will help you be a more informed homeowner.

Please contact us today to request a free estimate for clearing trees from your property.

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Peter Kelly
Peter Kelly
2022-04-29
Another fantastic job by Justin's biz: Arbortech Tree Inc. Today 3 guys came and cut up and stacked a bunch of 8'-10'' lengths of the trees that were felled a couple of months ago. These guys don't rest until the work is done. They worked efficiently and safely. Totally recommend these guys. Thanks!!
Jennifer Todisco
Jennifer Todisco
2022-04-28
Arbortech just took down three trees in my yard and I couldn’t be more pleased! Great price, came when they promised, and cleaned up so it looked like the trees had never been there! Highly recommend!
Carrie Kelley
Carrie Kelley
2022-04-25
Excellent service from start to finish!
Michele Pellegrino
Michele Pellegrino
2022-04-10
We've used Arbortech Tree for two large jobs at our property. They were great to work with. Their team was well skilled with handling the removal of large trees that were near our home. They communicated well throughout the scheduling of the job. I would highly recommend Arbortech!
Bruce Gregoire
Bruce Gregoire
2022-03-20
Professional, Skilled, Outstanding Customer Service, Reliable, Competitively Priced. March 15, 2022 Starting last October 2021, I had been trying to have five trees taken down in Thompson, Connecticut (northeast corner of the state) for my mother-in-law. I had spoken with a number of the local tree removal contractors in the northeast area. I spoke with four contractors over a period of two months, but only two of them came out and looked at the job; and only one provided me with a verbal quote. I spoke with him and set a date to remove the trees. The day came and they did not show up. I was finally able to speak with them two-weeks later after leaving multiple voicemails. They stated they would set another date for the removal and get back to me. Then silence. In January I reached out to Arbortech (Justin & Lindsey) as they had done tree work for me in the past at my home in Coventry. Arbortech went out to Thomson, looked at the job, and provided me with a quote for removal. Even though it was out of their normal work area, Justin stated he "liked a challenge" and this job was! Multiple trees close to the house, all with large limbs over the roof area, neighbors fixed gazebo below one of the trees, and limited access. We set a date, They showed up, the electric company showed up to drop the power lines and they got to work. By the end of the day the job was done. Justin and crew made it look like just another routine tree removal. I was duly impressed and awed at their skill and professionalism. Once again, when I need tree service, I know who to call first. If you need tree work, Arbortech should be at the top of your call list. 2019 Just had them take down 6 large tall trees for me, all surrounding my outbuilding and within 50 feet of my house. I chose Arbortech based on the reviews here. Needless to say, I made the right choice. If you need quality tree work at a reasonable price, consider Arbortech. I will be using them for future tree removal work.
Thomas Rotchford
Thomas Rotchford
2022-03-17
Excellent customer service. Provided schedule in advance and arrived promptly. Employees were professional & courteous. Placed plywood on grass to minimize vehicle damage and did a great job of taking a rather large tree down.
Carol Moody
Carol Moody
2022-02-23
Above and beyond expectations, could not be happier. Everyone we dealt with from our first meeting to completion was friendly, helpful and very professional
Bob Wilcox
Bob Wilcox
2022-02-18
Very professional. They did a great job with cleanup and were a pleasure to deal with.
Donald Neff
Donald Neff
2022-02-10
The people at Arbortec tree service were polite, very professional, hard working. Very pleased with there work. Highly recommend them.